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Indonesia Bebas Impor BBM pada 2026

CBNPost – Pemerintah Indonesia sedang mempesiapkan skenario bebas impor BBM pada Tahun 2026. Indonesia dengan populasi penduduk sekitar 260 juta membutuhkan konsumsi BBM sekira 1,4 juta barel per hari. Sementara di sisi lain, kapasitas pengolahan minyak di kilang dalam negeri yang dikelola Pertamina hanya mampu memproduksi BBM sekitar 1,1 juta barel per hari.

Akibatnya, Indonesia harus mengimpor BBM dari Singapura. Nilai ekspor-impor Indonesia-Singapura selama dua tahun terakhir yang tercatat di BPS; Tahun 2020 total ekspor Indonesia senilai 10,661 miliar dollar AS, sementara impor BBM dari Singapura mencapai 12,341 miliar dollar AS, terjadi defisit senilai 1,679 miliar dollar AS.

Tahun 2021 nilai ekspor minyak sebesar 11,634 miliar dollar AS, sedangkan nilai impor sebanyak 15,415 miliar dollar AS, terjadi defisit 3,781 miliar dollar AS.

Indonesia Impor BBM dari Singapura, Padahal Minyaknya dari Indonesia?

Kondisi ini ingin diubah dengan meningkatkan ketahanan energi nasional. PT Pertamina (Persero) telah dipersiapkan pemerintah untuk membangun 2 kilang minyak baru; Grass Root Refinery (GRR) di Bontang dan Tuban, serta pengembangan kapasitas kilang Refinery Development Master Plan (RDMP) eksisting di Dumai, Balikpapan, Balongan and Cilacap.

Proyek peningkatan kilang atau RDMP Balikpapan, Kalimantan Timur misalnya, telah mencapai 46,92 persen hingga akahir 2021. Proyek kilang ini ditargetkan selesai pada 2024. RDMP ini akan meningkatkan kapasitas produksi BBM dan non-BBM menjadi 360 ribu barel perhari (MBOPD) dari sebelumnya 260 MBSD.

RDMP Balikpapan ditargetkan selesai 65 persen di 2022, dan akan meningkatkan kualitas produk BBM menjadi Euro V serta target penyerapan Tingkat Komponen Dalam Negeri (TKDN) hingga 35 persen. Akhir 2021 lalu RDMP ini telah memiliki TKDN sebesar 30,06 persen atau senilai Rp 8,4 triliun.

Kuatnya Konsumsi BBM AS Picu Kenaikan Harga Minyak Dunia

Menurut Direktur Pembinaan Usaha Hilir Migas, Mohammad Hidayat, berdasarkan prognosa supply dan demand BBM tahun 2020-2026, Indonesia akan terbebas dari impor BBM pada tahun 2026, ketika seluruh RDMP dan GRR rampung dibangun. Taksiran produksi saat itu diperkirakan 87,4 juta KL, sementara kebutuhan atau demand mencapai 85,1 juta KL. Prognosa ini diasumsikan berdasarkan kenaikan permintaan sebesar 3,16 persen per tahun.

Pertamina juga akan memaksimalkan dan mengoptimalkan penyelesaian proyek pengembangan kilang dan pembangunan kilang baru agar dapat selesai sesuai target waktu yang ditetapkan. Jika proyek ini rampung, nantinya kilang yang saat ini berkapasitas 1 juta barel per hari akan meningkat dua kali lipat menjadi 2 juta barel perhari sehingga kebutuhan BBM dapat terpenuhi tanpa perlu impor.

[Tim Litbang]

Disarikan dari berbagai sumber.

BI Perkirakan Inflasi Meningkat Akibat Kenaikan Harga BBM

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