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Kegiatan Dunia Usaha Alami Perlambatan, Kinerja Industri Pengolahan Tetap Kuat

JAKARTA | CBNPost – Kinerja kegiatan dunia usaha mengalami perlambatan. Hal ini tercermin dari nilai Saldo Bersih Tertimbang (SBT) sebesar 13,89%, meski sedikit lebih rendah dari SBT pada triwulan II 2022 sebesar 14,13%.

Hal itu tercermin dalam Hasil Survei Kegiatan Dunia Usaha (SKDU). Perlambatan kinerja kegiatan usaha tercermin pada sektor Pertanian, Perkebunan, Peternakan, Kehutanan dan Perikanan, khususnya subsektor Tanaman Bahan Makanan (Tabama), seiring dengan masuknya musim tanam, sektor Perdagangan, Hotel dan Restoran, serta sektor Pengangkutan dan Komunikasi.

Meski demikian, Kepala Departemen Komunikasi Bank Indonesia (BI), Junanto Herdiawan melalui rilis No.24/277/DKom dan No.24/278/DKom menyatakan bahwa hasil SKDU itu mengindikasikan kinerja kegiatan dunia usaha tetap kuat pada triwulan III 2022.

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Kapasitas produksi terpakai pada triwulan III 2022 tercatat sebesar 73,67%. Adapun penggunaan tenaga kerja terindikasi melambat meski masih berada dalam fase ekspansi. Sementara itu, kondisi keuangan dunia usaha terindikasi masih cukup baik dari aspek likuiditas dan rentabilitas, disertai dengan akses pembiayaan yang lebih mudah.

Pada triwulan IV 2022, responden memprakirakan kegiatan usaha tetap kuat dengan SBT sebesar 12,63%. Tetap kuatnya kegiatan usaha diprakirakan terjadi pada beberapa sektor utama, yakni sektor perdagangan, hotel dan restoran serta pengangkutan dan komunikasi sejalan dengan permintaan dalam negeri yang diprakirakan meningkat pada akhir tahun.

Di sisi lain kinerja sektor Industri Pengolahan triwulan III 2022 terindikasi tetap kuat dan berada pada fase ekspansi. Hal tersebut tercermin dari prompt Manufacturing Index (PMI–BI) triwulan III 2022 sebesar 53,71% atau berada pada fase ekspansi (indeks >50%), meningkat dari 53,61% pada triwulan sebelumnya.

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Peningkatan tersebut didorong oleh komponen pembentuk PMI-BI terutama volume produksi, volume persediaan barang jadi, dan jumlah tenaga kerja. Peningkatan tersebut terjadi pada mayoritas subsektor, dengan indeks tertinggi pada subsektor Semen & Barang Galian Non Logam (58,91%), subsektor Logam Dasar Besi dan Baja (56,62%), serta subsektor Kertas dan Barang Cetakan (55,63%).

Perkembangan PMI-BI tersebut sejalan dengan perkembangan kegiatan sektor Industri Pengolahan hasil Survei Kegiatan Dunia Usaha (SKDU) Bank Indonesia yang tercatat positif dan meningkat dengan Saldo Bersih Tertimbang (SBT) sebesar 3,18%.

Pada triwulan IV 2022, kinerja sektor Industri Pengolahan diprakirakan masih tetap kuat dan berada di fase ekspansi, meski tidak setinggi kinerja triwulan sebelumnya. PMI-BI triwulan IV 2022 diprakirakan sebesar 53,18%, sedikit lebih rendah dari 53,71% pada triwulan III 2022.

Beberapa komponen seperti volume total pesanan, volume produksi, volume persediaan barang jadi, dan penerimaan barang pesanan input diprakirakan masih berada pada fase ekspansi. Sejumlah subsektor diprakirakan meningkat terutama subsektor Logam Dasar Besi dan Baja (58,54%) dan Pupuk, Kimia & Barang dari Karet (52,37%). Sementara itu, subsektor  alat angkut, mesin dan peralatannya (49,63%) tercatat mengalami kontraksi.[]

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